What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

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What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

 

Obsessive compulsive disorder characterizes by the presentation of obsessions and compulsions that interfere with the daily routine of a patient.

Obsessions are a setting of thoughts that the individual does not want to have, but repeat in a persistent way on his mind, they are annoying and can generate anxiety and unconformity.

Compulsions are repeated behaviors the patient executes, usually induced by an obsession. With this, its finality is to reduce the anguish, which he achieves, but only to be worsened in the long run.

The most frequent obsessions and compulsions are:

Contamination: the patient worries about being contaminated with dirt or microbes; this induces the patient to wash repeatedly its hands and/or any other body part in a compulsive way. It can also make the patient avoid touching other people or having contact with potentially contaminated equipment.

Order and symmetry: the person worries excessively by the untidiness and seeks to organize his belongings in an exaggerated way, almost perfect, putting his clothes or things on a desk, for example. The person may spend an important part of its time verifying that everything is in a specific order.

Doubt and verification: the patient worries in an excessive way for issues such as properly closing the doors or the gas faucet. The person verifies repeatedly, one time after another, even when he knows everything is right.

Sexually: the individual has insistent and repeatedly sexually charged thoughts, which considers inappropriate and annoying. These thoughts are directed towards people that doesn’t really sexually attract the individual, such as a member of its own family or a religious figures.

Don’t lose the calm, there are safe and effective treatments for the obsessive compulsive disorder. The most important is for you to seek the necessary help in order to have a common daily life again.

 

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References:

  • When unwanted thoughts take control: Obsessive- Compulsive disorder. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/espanol/cuando-pensamientos-indeseados-toman-control-trastorno-obsesivo-compulsivo/index.shtml
  • What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder? http://www.cat-barcelona.com/faqs/view/que-es-el-trastorno-obsesivo-compulsivo
  • Oscar Andrés Correa Rico, Pinares Mind and Health psychiatrist.
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