“Suicide is the second cause of death on people between 15 and 29 years old”
(World Health Organization)
World Health Organization defines suicidal act as every action in which a person causes harm to itself, in other words, to take its own life voluntarily.
Suicidal conduct is a multicausal phenomenon that manifests with a wide variety of behaviors, such as gestures, suicide attempts, and existence of negative thoughts and ideas of how to achieve death.
The different methods people use to harm itself depends on the sociocultural environment in which they develop their lives, but the most common of them are related to pesticides, hanging and firearms. The type and lethality of the act itself depends also on the intention and the gender of whom commit it, for example, women have more attempting rates but men have a higher success rate because of the stronger methods they use.
Suicide is associated in a 90% to mental diseases, being the main of them the major depressive disorder.
It is fundamental to take the immediate adequate measures on people with risks of killing themselves, because about a third of this population repeats the suicide attempt on a period no longer than a year.
Treatments vary according to the patient, that´s why it is important to have an adequate medical following, in order for the patient to have an effective improvement.
- More than 800.000 people commit suicide each year.
- A suicide occurs every 40 seconds all around the world.
- 75% of suicides are committed on countries with low and median income rates.
- Suicide mortality rates are higher than those caused by war and homicides.
Suicides can be prevented by:
- Restraining access to the methods used.
- Responsible information given on media.
- Implementing alcohol and psychoactive abuse politics.
- Early identification and treatment of mental diseases.
- Adequate health personnel education.
- Importance of early mental health care.