Five common mental disorders of humans

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Five common mental disorders of humans

“There is no health without mental health”

 

World Health Organization (WHO)

 

 

Mental disorders are more frequent than what we may think, it hides on people and becomes part of their everyday life, that is why it is not diagnosed. When presented, it badly affects global health and life quality of those who suffer from it and its families.

 

Next, we describe five common mental issues:

 

  1. Depression: It is suffered by 300 million people all over the world, most of whom are women. Some of its principal symptoms include: important sadness without any justified cause, lack of interest, culpability, low self-esteem, appetite and sleeping disturbances, fatigue and lack of concentration.

 

  1. Bipolar Affective Disorder: It affects nearly 60 million people in the world. It is characterized by a marked fluctuation on the emotional state, which oscillates from maniac episodes (exaltation, hyperactivity, high self-esteem, lack of sleep) and depressive episodes, going through normal mood periods.

 

  1. Schizophrenia: Approximately 21 million people is affected all over the world. Its principal characteristic consists of thought, perception, emotions, language and behavior abnormalities. It is generally accompanied by hallucinations and delirium. It usually appears at the end of the adolescence or initiating adulthood.

 

  1. Dementia: It mainly appears starting the sixth decade of life and it is characterized by the progressive and early loss of memory, starting by the most recent memories. It also affects other areas such as orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language and judgment. It is progressive, those who suffers from it end up depending completely of their caregivers. Nearly 47 million people around the world has it. Its principal cause is attributed to the early loss of volume of certain brain structures.

 

  1. Development disorders: It shows up during childhood and persists on adulthood. It is expressed by distant social behavior, communication and language affectation and difficulty at achieving the expected development goals for the specific age group.

 

Once those disorders are detected, there is plenty to do. There are effective treatments that contributes to the disappearance or a remarkable improvement of the symptoms and the quality of life.

 

There will always be a light of hope, consult your doctor!

 

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