Behavioral and cognitive therapies are techniques used to replace negative behaviors by reactions to different situations, focusing on the linking of thinking and behavior.
These collect different contributions from several currents within the scientific psychology, becoming a clinical application of the cognitive psychology (in charge of the study of mental processes implied in knowledge) and the behavioral psychology (experimental analysis of the behavior), all aiming to treat patients with brief therapies diseases such as stress, obsessive compulsive disorders, depression, among others.
Some of the most important facts you should know about these techniques are:
- Behavioral and cognitive therapies often combine practices of cognitive restructuring. This means that they work in the interpretation of thoughts, the type of thinking and the subjective assessments of a person (how does he see the world? what do you perceive of it?).
- The model of behavioral and cognitive therapy suggests that human behavior is learned, but this learning does not consist of a connection that associates stimuli and their responses, but the formation of relationships that have meaning for the person, with cognitive schemes and rules, so a change in one of them affects the other components.
- During the therapeutic process, the professional that employs it, uses various strategies aimed at bending and modifying the aforementioned schemes, in addition to the automatic thoughts that emerge from them.
According to a study conducted by the Royal University of Psychiatry in the UK, the results of several investigations strongly supports the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapies in general. However, this degree of efficacy is variable and depends on the type of behavioral problem. However, it is demonstrated that the integration of cognitive and behavioral technology presents better results in patients, being useful in diseases such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, phobias, bulimia, among others.
If you or someone you know has symptoms related to a cognitive or behavioral condition please consult a doctor.